Ever wondered why you need these repetitive tasks each time (in these three pictures below) ?
Not only you run the risk of losing time, but you can go wrong because of a lack of concentration (by publishing in prod instead of alpha), or you can even forget to publish your app intermediary updates. Your users might lose patience while waiting for some fixes, or some features.
Now think about how devops teams works. The team developers change a piece of code, than ensure nothing is broken, then let the software factory prepare, package, deploy and monitor the program.
How to achieve this, without money nor time ?
Start by using :
- a source control management : either a private one, or BitBucket, or GitHub.
- an Application Lifecycle Management tool : maven or gradle
- a Continuous Integration service : sure there is Jenkins, but you can use a free cloud CI : http://travis-ci.org
- an account of the Play Store of course.
This example below will use GitHub + maven + Travis :
- go to your play store params > API Access > Create a service account. Display this item in the Google Developers Console and download the .p12 file
- make sure you know where your .keystore file is to sign your APK. If you haven’t got one yet, please visit the android developers help https://developer.android.com/studio/publish/app-signing.html
- add your repository to travis and configure a .travis.yml file in the root folder of your repository
- install the travis client with
gem install travis
- base64 encode both the keystore and the p12 file, then concat them together (
cat key.p12.b64 account.keystore.b64 > credentials.b64). Do not place the file in your repo, instead move it to the parent folder.
- ask travis to add it securely without comprimising the security (
travis encrypt-file ../credentials.b64 --add). You can add the credentials.b64.enc securely to your repository without fear.
- have a look at this travis build file : https://github.com/libetl/singIn/blob/alpha/.travis.yml. We have the openssl command that was asked to be added, but the ALM must be aware of both keystore and keypass passwords.
- There is a tip to unpack a single .enc file into both the keystore and the .p12 file (.travis.yml lines 19-20). Split the file on the == token to know where the p12 file ends and where the keystore begins. base64 decode them both, and you are set…
- on the maven command line, we ask to proceed to the tests (org.jacoco:jacoco-maven-plugin:prepare-agent test org.jacoco:jacoco-maven-plugin:report org.eluder.coveralls:coveralls-maven-plugin:report), then the packaging phase (android:manifest-merger install android:zipalign) then the publishing phase (android:publish-apk), and we pass as parameters the keystore and keypass secrets right from the travis hidden vars settings
- now we just need to setup the android-maven-plugin so it is aware of how it must be configured.
- The android manifest versionCode must be incremented for each publish, therefore we rely on the $TRAVIS_BUILD_NUMBER value for the counter.
- We ask the plugin to override the manifest from the repository (by specifying the output file name of the manifest-merger target).
- We must fill in the service account e-mail and the path to the .p12 file
- We must provide a path to the keystore, with the following secrets given as properties : keystorepass, keypass
- Have a look at this pom.xml file to know more about the challenge : https://github.com/libetl/singIn/blob/alpha/pom.xml
- publish a first version of your app if it is not already done (by the classic workflow with your IDE or bash commands)
- change any file on your git repository, commit the changes, push them…
- go to your travis app job, and see it working : https://travis-ci.org/libetl/singIn/builds/171238769
Wait about 10-15 minutes, and your app is deployed on the play store automatically :
From now on, each time you change something in your codebase, will be published on the Play Store… painless.
Now you can say : to deploy on the Play Store, just do